IPFS and Filecoin

Cloud-Rush Cyxtera
3 min readAug 4, 2021

IPFS and Filecoin

据Filecoin区块浏览器最新数据显示,目前Filecoin的网络存储容量已突破8EiB,有效算力有明显增幅,Fil币价基本稳定在49美金附近。

According to the latest data from Filecoin’s block explorer, Filecoin’s network storage capacity has exceeded 8EiB. Its effective computing power has increased significantly and the price of Fil is basically stable at around $49.

随着官方的进程不断更新,基于IPFS底层技术开发的应用也在不断拓展。人们在共识上达成一致,认为IPFS是通往Web3.0时代最重要的基础设施。那么,IPFS与我们常说的Filecoin是不是一回事呢?

As the official process continues to update, applications developed based on the bottom technology of IPFS are also expanding. People have reached a consensus that IPFS is the most important infrastructure leading to the Web3.0 era. So, is IPFS the same thing as the Filecoin we often say?

在概念上,IPFS(InterPlanetary File System星际文件系统)是一个基于内容寻址的、分布式的、新型超媒体传输协议。它的优势在于其强大的技术积淀、精巧的架构设计及强大的开发者生态。通过整合现有的技术(BitTorrent、DHT、Git、SFS),创建一种点对点的超媒体协议,旨在打造一个更加快速、安全、开放的下一代互联网,实现互联网中永久可用、数据可以永久保存的全球文件储存系统。

Conceptually, IPFS (InterPlanetary File System) is a distributed, new hypermedia transmission protocol based on content addressing. Its advantage lies in its strong technical accumulation, sophisticated architecture design and powerful developer ecology. By integrating existing technologies (BitTorrent, DHT, Git, SFS), a peer-to-peer hypermedia protocol is created. It aims to create a faster, safer, and open next-generation Internet to realize a global file storage system that is permanently available and data can be stored in the Internet.

但是如何保证IPFS网络中文件的可用性、完整性以及有效性又成了棘手的问题。因此Filecoin在这样的背景下诞生。

However, to ensure the availability, integrity and validity of the files in the IPFS network has become a tricky issue. Hence, Filecoin was born under this background.

Filecoin是一个基于IPFS技术上被开发出来的区块链项目,其目标是创建一个分散的存储市场。Filecoin创新采用有效的共识机制:复制证明(PoRep)+时空证明(PoSt),借助基于IPFS去中心化存储的底层技术,来帮助IPFS有效的存储和分发数据。

Filecoin is a blockchain project developed based on IPFS technology. The goal is to create a decentralized storage market. Filecoin innovatively adopts an effective consensus mechanism: Proof of Replication (PoRep) + Proof of Time and Space (PoSt), with the help of the bottom technology based on IPFS decentralized storage to help IPFS effectively store and distribute data.

IPFS网络要想稳定运行,需要用户贡献他们的大量存储空间和网络带宽,Filecoin作为IPFS的唯一激励层,来解决由此产生的巨大资源开销问题。

For an IPFS network to operate stably, users need to contribute a large amount of storage space and network bandwidth. Filecoin serves as the only incentive layer of IPFS to solve the huge resource overhead problem that arises.

在Filecoin网络中,矿工通过提供有效的存储空间,可获得代币奖励。理论上贡献的有效数据存储空间越多,获取的Fil奖励也就越多。Fil是Filecoin的通证激励。

In the Filecoin network, miners can obtain token rewards by providing effective storage space. In theory, the more effective data storage space contributed, the more Fil rewards will be obtained. Fil is the token incentive of Filecoin.

为Filecoin网络提供存储的矿工有两种:检索矿工和存储矿工,他们的收益构成是完全不相同的。Filecoin经济系统里面矿工共有4种收益:

There are two types of storage miners provided by the Filecoin network: retrieval miners and storage miners. Their income composition is completely different. There are 4 kinds of income for miners in the Filecoin economic system:

(1)奖励发放收益:存储矿工(检索矿工参与)通过投入存储设备和带宽来获取Filecoin系统奖励的发放。该部分与比特币系统经济模型一致。

(1) Reward distribution income: storage miners (partition of retrieving miners) obtain the distribution of Filecoin system rewards by investing in storage equipment and bandwidth. This part is consistent with the Bitcoin system economic model.

(2)存储市场收益:存储矿工通过出售自己的存储空间来获取交易代币。

(2) Storage market revenue: Storage miners obtain transaction tokens by selling their storage space.

(3)区块链交易费用:存储矿工通过竞争创建新的区块来获取区块内交易包含的交易费用,这部分费用和比特币体系也是一致的。

(3) Blockchain transaction fees: Storage miners create new blocks through competition to obtain transaction fees included in transactions in the block. This part of the cost is also consistent with the Bitcoin system.

(4)检索市场收益:检索矿工通过提供数据检索服务来获取交易代币。简单讲就是检索矿工出售自己的流量。

(4) Retrieval market revenue: Retrieval miners obtain transaction tokens by providing data retrieval services. Simply put, it is to retrieve the traffic of miners selling their own.

IPFS和Filecoin相辅相成,解决了互联网的数据存储和数据分发的问题,特别是对于无数的区块链项目,IPFS和Filcoin将作为一个基础设施不断为新的应用提供支持,并在创建Web3进程中发挥着重要作用。

IPFS and Filecoin complement each other and solve the problem of data storage and data distribution on the Internet, especially for countless blockchain projects. IPFS and Filcoin will continue to provide support for new applications as an infrastructure, and will play an important role in the creation of Web3.

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